In 2022 (tens of) thousands of individuals quit their day jobs or added side hustles to their schedules with the intention to devote more time to the wondrous world of NFTs. University students becoming overnight millionaires, monkey jpegs being sold for millions of dollars, individuals consistently sharing how NFTs changed their lives for good and how thankful they’re to this technology. The stories are wild and intriguing.

However I’m aware it may feel intimidating and confusing in case you’re very new to all of this. The platforms, technical terminology and the lingo that’s unique to NFT & crypto communities doesn’t make it very easy for ‘noobs’ or ‘normies’ (aka newbies or regular folks).

So, let’s make this your one stop guide to find answers to the commonest questions round NFTs. We’ll cover everything from NFT fundamentals, evaluating NFT projects, shopping for and selling NFTs, prices, and more.

What is an NFT?
NFT stands for a non-fungible token, an individually distinctive asset, which means every item is totally different from every different of its kind. These can’t be broken down into smaller value units like fungible assets comparable to cash or gold bars. In a nutshell, non-fungible tokens are distinctive items that can be sold and traded independently.

An NFT is minted with smart contracts, which enables the network to store the information that is indicated in an NFT transaction.

The code of the contract exists across a blockchain network. Probably the most widely used smart contract blockchain for NFTs is Ethereum.

But what can an NFT be?

Hottest form of NFTs we know of is digital art. But NFTs could be anything digital, reminiscent of music, courses, drawings, tweets, photography, and more.

When did it all start?
In January 2018, Ethereum blockchain added a help system for NFTs by the creators of ERC-721 (Ethereum Request for Feedback 721), which meant that NFTs may very well be hosted on the Ethereum blockchain from this level onwards.

So, who was the FIRST to catch the NFT train? CryptoKitties.

Every kitty’s ownership was tracked via a smart contract on the Ethereum blockchain, and each of them is an NFT under the ERC-721 standard.

What is a blockchain?
A blockchain is a public ledger of all cryptocurrency transactions. Blocks are the person pieces of information, and the chain is basically the database they’re stored in.

Blockchain doesn’t require trusting one central entity since it is a decentralized system. Which means, eliminating the necessity for a intermediary — akin to a bank — to process transactions.

The blockchain records every transaction that happens on its network. And because every block in the chain contains information about the earlier block, it’s virtually unattainable to tamper with any records or data within the chain without breaking or hacking every single block on the chain!

What is minting?
You’ll hear this word SO much. Minting means creating an NFT and generating a record for it on the blockchain for the very first time. It’s typically used to describe when somebody becomes the primary owner of an NFT upon finishing a transaction on the blockchain. The minting process turns a digital file into a crypto collectible on the Ethereum blockchain.

Every NFT is unique — which means it can’t be replaced by another token or swapped. Alternatively, banknotes or bitcoin (which is a fungible token) can. In the event that they hold the identical worth, you’ll be able to simply substitute them with one another. Think about it as an artwork piece comparable to Mona Lisa. There’s only one Mona Lisa and all others are replicas and imitations. She is certainly one of a kind and unique!

What is the gas price?
When you’re about to purchase your first NFT, this is something that may come as a surprise. This can also be something you’ll notice people complain or inquire about in Discord chats as they need to make a transaction when gas charges are probably at its lowest rate. (You’ll discover more info on when it’s low within the PRICES section)

Gas fee is the amount of money that customers should pay to complete their purchase of an NFT. This payment is added to each transaction right earlier than you checkout. You know how when you’re at the checkout step in your on-line shopping cart and you see tax or service charges added to your final bill? You possibly can think of gas fees like that.

In this case although, the gas fee is charged for the mining service, to account for the computational energy required to process transactions and safe the blockchain. Miners validate your transaction even when it fails or succeeds, taking computational power. So, a gas payment should be paid even if a transaction fails.

What is metadata?
If you think of NFT as a cell, an NFT metadata is a cell nucleus. It holds the details of the NFT. Normally, metadata accommodates the name or description of an NFT.

What’s airdrop?
AirDrop is a marketing strategy that allows a company to distribute a new cryptocurrency into the world quickly and effectively. When blockchain projects give away tokens, NFTs, or different crypto-related products to their customers totally free, it is called an Airdrop.

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